Download Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global Drug by Paul Gootenberg PDF

By Paul Gootenberg

Illuminating a hidden and engaging bankruptcy within the heritage of globalization, Paul Gootenberg chronicles the increase of 1 of the main amazing and now unlawful Latin American exports: cocaine. Gootenberg lines cocaine's heritage from its origins as a clinical commodity within the 19th century to its repression through the early 20th century and its dramatic reemergence as a bootleg reliable after international warfare II. Connecting the tale of the drug's modifications is a bunch of individuals, items, and procedures: Sigmund Freud, Coca-Cola, and Pablo Escobar all make appearances, exemplifying the worldwide impacts that experience formed the background of cocaine. yet Gootenberg decenters the ordinary tale to discover the jobs performed by means of hitherto imprecise yet important Andean actors as well—for instance, the Peruvian pharmacist who built the recommendations for refining cocaine on an commercial scale and the creators of the unique drug-smuggling networks that many years later will be taken over via Colombian traffickers. Andean Cocaine proves critical to realizing some of the most vexing social dilemmas of the past due twentieth-century Americas: the yank cocaine epidemic of the Nineteen Eighties and, in its wake, the probably unending U.S. drug struggle within the Andes.

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Extra resources for Andean Cocaine: The Making of a Global Drug

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S. cocaine production (led by Parke, Davis and several German branch houses) soon rivaled Germany’s. News of cocaine advances spread quickly to and across the United States. For example, in October 1884, the team of distinguished specialists treating former president Ulysses S. Grant (already an enthusiastic drinker of Vin Mariani) immediately adopted a cocaine solution for the excruciating pain of his terminal throat cancer, less than a month after Köller’s Vienna breakthrough. The next years saw hundreds of research and medical publications and announcements about cocaine, some fostered by the active publicity medical gazettes of “ethical” (wholesale) pharmaceutical firms like Parke, Davis.

Nicolás Monardes’s canonical Historia medicinal de los cosas que traen de las Indias (Seville, 1580) barely broaches coca, although, tellingly, it waxes on about the medical properties of that American health plant, tobacco. Scant news about coca was transmitted outward through John Frampton’s botanical bible Joyfull News Out of the Newe World (1596), which informed so many of the formative Pan-European medicinal debates. Significantly, little attempt registered to fit coca into the humoral system, which in contested or convoluted ways defined the other newfound stimulants and spices reaching Europe.

First was its generalization in surgery, especially as a local anesthetic in nose, throat, dental, and eye operations. Leading surgeons (like Johns Hopkins’s founder, William Halsted, or J. Leonard Corning) developed whole new surgical fields based on cocaine. The second usage, parallel to cocaine rising 30 coca therapy, was as a tonic and stimulant, an application steeped in the era’s neurological science. Former surgeon general William Hammond, a neurologist, for example, injected severely depressed female patients with cocaine.

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