By James R. Holton
This revised textual content offers a cogent rationalization of the basics of meteorology, and explains hurricane dynamics for weather-oriented meteorologists. It discusses weather dynamics and the results posed for worldwide swap. The Fourth version contains a CD-ROM with MATLABÂ® workouts and up-to-date remedies of a number of key themes. a lot of the cloth is predicated on a two-term path for seniors majoring in atmospheric sciences. * offers transparent actual factors of key dynamical rules * features a wealth of illustrations to clarify textual content and equations, plus end-of-chapter difficulties * Holton is likely one of the top gurus in modern meteorology, and renowned for his transparent writing sort * Instructor's guide to be had to adopters NEW during this version * A CD-ROM with MATLABÂ® workouts and demonstrations * up to date remedies on weather dynamics, tropical meteorology, heart surroundings dynamics, and numerical prediction
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3. An artificial satellite is placed into a natural synchronous orbit above the equator and is attached to the earth below by a wire. A second satellite is attached to the first by a wire of the same length and is placed in orbit directly above the first at the same angular velocity. Assuming that the wires have zero mass, calculate the tension in the wires per unit mass of satellite. Could this tension be used to lift objects into orbit with no additional expenditure of energy? 4. A train is running smoothly along a curved track at the rate of 50 m s −1 .
Calculate the 1000- to 500-hPa thickness for isothermal conditions with temperatures of 273- and 250 K, respectively. 13. Isolines of 1000- to 500-hPa thickness are drawn on a weather map using a contour interval of 60 m. What is the corresponding layer mean temperature interval? 14. Show that a homogeneous atmosphere (density independent of height) has a finite height that depends only on the temperature at the lower boundary. Compute the height of a homogeneous atmosphere with surface temperature T0 = 273K and surface pressure 1000 hPa.
48) Hence, the dry adiabatic lapse rate is approximately constant throughout the lower atmosphere. 49) If < d so that θ increases with height, an air parcel that undergoes an adiabatic displacement from its equilibrium level will be positively buoyant when displaced January 27, 2004 16:17 Elsevier/AID 52 2 aid basic conservation laws downward and negatively buoyant when displaced upward so that it will tend to return to its equilibrium level and the atmosphere is said to be statically stable or stably stratified.