By Margaret E. Grosh
This e-book comprises case reports of 30 social courses from eleven Latin American nations and gives precious classes approximately concentrating on a variety of social courses. those providers contain the supply of college lunches, meals stamps, day care, pupil reduction, money funds, unemployment information, housing mortgages, and nutrition commodities and subsidies. details is equipped at the management expenditures, specifications, and recommendations for concentrating on social companies. Case through case, the e-book exhibits how different courses controlled to stability carrier advancements opposed to the fee of focusing on to lead them to comparatively cheap. It additionally describes the most typical concentrating on tools and identifies which programmes used them and why.
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Additional info for Administering targeted social programs in Latin America: from platitudes to practice, Page 94
1 Some of these changes will be positive for the economy, and some negative. This study does not attempt to quantify incentive costs for all the programs reviewed here. Rather, this section is designed as a brief sketch of the issue so that the reader will be aware of the ''forest" that surrounds the "trees" that will be studied in detail. Three major negative incentive effects that offset the benefits of targeting are frequently discussedlabor-leisure choice, relocation and unproductive use of time or resources.
These arein addition to the incentive effects inherent in the receipt of subsidychanges in savings, private transfers and the labor-leisure choice from the income effect of the subsidy. Page 15 3 Methods for Judging Outcomes To judge whether the benefit of a good targeting outcome is worth the administrative, incentive or political economy costs incurred in achieving it, it is necessary to measure these costs and benefits and to weigh them against one another. Because the focus of this study is on program administration and its link to targeting outcomes, this chapter will discuss only how to measure administrative costs and targeting outcomes.
Title. 0068dc20 93-40676 CIP Page v Contents Acknowledgments ix Chapter 1 Introduction 1 Chapter 2 In Theory: Costs and Benefits of Targeting 7 What Is Targeting? 7 Benefits of Targeting 7 Costs of Targeting 8 Chapter 3 Methods for Judging Outcomes 15 Issues in Measuring Targeting Accuracy 15 Issues in Quantifying Administrative Costs 26 Methods Used in This Study 29 Chapter 4 In Practice: Program Costs and Outcomes 33 An Administrative Taxonomy of Targeting Mechanisms 33 Targeting Outcomes 35 Administrative Costs 44 Linking Administrative Costs and Incidence 47 Outlier Programs 51 Discussion and Conclusions 53 Annex: Data Sources for the Figures 55 Chapter 5 Individual Assessment Mechanisms 59 Means Tests 60 Social Worker Evaluation 74 Proxy Means Test 78 Gender of Household Head 83 Nutritional Status or Risk 85 Conclusions 91 Page vi Chapter 6 Targeting by Group Characteristic and Geographic Area 95 Group Characteristic Mechanisms 95 Geographic Targeting 96 Conclusions 109 Chapter 7 Self-Targeting Mechanisms 111 The Concept and Key Factors 111 In Practice 116 Conclusions 128 Chapter 8 Targeting and Universal Services 131 Incidence of Universally Provided Programs 131 Coverage Differences 139 Differences in Quality 141 Unit-Costs Differentials 144 Chapter 9 Summary and Conclusions 151 When Is It Appropriate to Target?