By Dorothy McBride Stetson
Containing the result of a cross-national study venture on abortion politics in 11 democratic states (between the Nineteen Sixties and 2000), this quantity marks significant growth in abortion examine. It develops a entire study layout to envision even if women's coverage firms (institutional teams meant to enhance the prestige of ladies) have functioned as priceless and potent allies of women's activities. It explores their efforts to achieve entry to energy arenas and safe abortion legislation that coincide with feminist targets. certainly, those findings represent a rigorous software of comparative technique to evaluate motives from social flow and democratic idea bearing on diversifications in country feminism and circulate good fortune.
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Additional resources for Abortion Politics, Women's Movements, and the Democratic State: A Comparative Study of State Feminism (Gender and Politics Series)
Social Democratic Party leader Otto Bauer placed the demand for abortion reform within the broader context of sex education and also the party's goal of providing more rational, more hygienic, and more humane methods of birth control (Kopl 1983). Social Democrats had no chance to realize or even promote their demands in the inter-war period. They were confronted by stalwart Catholic opposition in the society and the traditional conservatism of the Catholic 18 conservative majority in Parliament, and finally overwhelmed by economic crises and unemployment, civil war, and the rise of fascism.
Dominant frame of the debate Initially, the dominant framework of the debate was a medical one focusing on the pros and cons of mifegyne as a medication and an abortion technique and on the conditions under which this pill would be used. Some medical experts argued that mifegyne would decrease health risks for women because they could now avoid surgical abortion methods. Most of this discussion occurred in * REGINA KOPL 31 the media, especially the state-run television channels. Before long, however, the initial medical discourse on mifegyne switched into a debate on principles relating to the question whether existing legislation should be changed.
The national level has a bicameral legislature—Chamber and Senate—elected proportionally and a parliamentary government composed of a maximum of 15 ministers evenly balanced between the Dutch and French linguistic groups. Since abortion reform involves a revision of the penal code, the institutions that make abortion policy must according to the Constitution be the national Parliament and Government (Prime Minister and Cabinet). The media also play an important role as mouthpieces of various opinions, together with the court of justice, whose prosecutions often give rise to political activity.