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By Horace Gerald Danner

Horace G. Danner’s A word list of English note Roots is a compendium of the most-used note roots of the English language. As Timothy B. Noone notes in his foreword: “Dr. Danner’s publication permits you not just to accumulate your passive English vocabulary, leading to observe reputation wisdom, but additionally supplies the rudiments for constructing your energetic English vocabulary, making it attainable to deduce the that means of phrases with that you usually are not but familiar. Your wisdom can now extend and may accomplish that exponentially as your knowledge of the roots in English phrases and your corresponding skill to decode unexpected phrases grows apace. this can be the start of an excellent psychological linguistic library: so enjoy!”

In A word list of English note Roots, all be aware roots are indexed alphabetically, besides the Greek or Latin phrases from which they derive, including the roots’ unique meanings. If the present which means of a person root differs from the unique which means, that's indexed in a separate column. within the examples column, the phrases which include the foundation are then indexed, beginning with their prefixes, for instance, dysacousia, hyperacousia. those root-starting phrases then are through phrases the place the foundation falls at the back of the observe, e.g., acouesthesia and acoumeter. those phrases are by way of phrases the place the basis falls within the center or the top, as in such phrases as bradyacusia and odynacusis.. during this demeanour, A glossary of English be aware Roots locations the note in as many note households as there are parts within the notice.

This paintings will curiosity linguists and philologists and someone drawn to the etymological features of English language.

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Examples: annex, annihilate, annotate, announce, annul CROSS REFERENCE: obnot, without The following are examples of words with this prefix. Others are listed with the root to which it is attached. Examples: anemia, anergy; agnostic, aseptic, atheist, atom NOTE: Do not confuse words with an- prefix + root, for example, anarchy, analgesia, with words beginning with anaprefix, as in anatomy, where the root is tom, to cut. CROSS REFERENCE: a2, de, dis, in, ne, non, un again, over, above, The following are examples of words with this prefix.

PREFIXED ROOT: monandrous (practicing monandry; in botany, having only one stamen, as some flowers) monandry (the state or practice of having only one male sex partner over a period of time; in botany, a monandrous condition) (monos one) polyandrous (practicing polyandry; in botany, having many stamens), POLYANDRY (polys many) LEADING ROOT COMPOUND: andr: android (in science fiction, an automaton made to resemble a human being) (eidos form) androecium (in botany, the stamens of a flower collectively) (oikos house, surroundings) andro: androgen (a male sex hormone; in biochemistry, any substance that promotes masculine characteristics), androgenic androgenous (producing only male offspring) (generare to produce) androgyne, androgynous (both male and female; androgenous and androgynous are pronounced the same) (gyne woman) androsphinx (a sphinx with the head of a man) androsterone (a sex hormone usually present in male urine) (stereos solid) TRAILING ROOT COMPOUND: philander (to engage lightly in passing love affairs; make love insincerely: said of a man) (philein to love) MASCULINE NAME: Andrew (andreios manly) INTERDISCIPLINARY: POLYANDRY [in botany, the presence of numerous stamens on one flower; in zoology, the mating of one female animal with more than one male] CROSS REFERENCE: anthrop, homo, masc1, vir1 SIMPLE ROOT: anemone (the windflower) LEADING ROOT COMPOUND: anem: anemosis (same as wind shake, a condition of timber in which there is separation of the concentric rings, supposedly due to strong winds during growth) (osis condition) anemo: anemograph (an instrument for recording the velocity and direction of wind) (graphein to write) anemology (the study of winds) (logy study) anemometer (a gauge for determining the force or speed of the wind, and sometimes its directions; wind gauge) (metron measure) anemometry (the process of determining the speed and direction of the wind with an anemometer) (metron measure) anemophilous (fertilized by the wind, as plants to which pollen is blown) (philein to love) A Thesaurus of English Word Roots 30 Element From anem (cont’d) Meaning [wind] ang1 Latin angulus Greek ankylos bent, crooked ankon elbow IE ankto bend corner, angle ang2 Greek anchein to squeeze IE anghconstricted narrow, tight, choking angel Greek angelos messenger Examples anemoscope (an instrument for showing or recording the direction of the wind) (skopein to examine) NOTE: Do not confuse this root with the prefixed elided root of anemia (an + emia blood condition).

Others are listed with the root to which it is attached. Examples: annex, annihilate, annotate, announce, annul CROSS REFERENCE: obnot, without The following are examples of words with this prefix. Others are listed with the root to which it is attached. Examples: anemia, anergy; agnostic, aseptic, atheist, atom NOTE: Do not confuse words with an- prefix + root, for example, anarchy, analgesia, with words beginning with anaprefix, as in anatomy, where the root is tom, to cut. CROSS REFERENCE: a2, de, dis, in, ne, non, un again, over, above, The following are examples of words with this prefix.

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