By Robert J. Alexander
This quantity strains the historical past of equipped hard work in Peru and Ecuador from its first visual appeal within the overdue 19th century till the tip of the 20 th century. It discusses the family of exchange unionism with fiscal improvement and politics, really the political trends inside equipped exertions. It additionally discusses the detrimental impression at the alternate union circulation of the unfastened enterprise-free alternate rules of the final a long time of the 20th century.
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Extra info for A History of Organized Labor in Peru and Ecuador
During the short periods of freedom, there was a considerable impulse given to the trade union movement. Under the leadership of Julio Portocarrero and Avelino Navarro, the Communists were successful in establishing the Confederación General de Trabajadores del Perú (CGTP). It had been launched officially on May Day 1929, but had not been able to operate openly until after the overthrow of Leguía. The government of Sánchez Cerro at first declared the CGTP illegal and exiled a number of union leaders to the jungle area of Madre de Dios.
Although in its “Circular #2,” the USTL announced that it had been established “under the single direction of the Confederación de Trabajadores del Perú,” this new body, unlike the CTP, was controlled by the Apristas. In September 1944, the USTL established a Strike Committee, to lay the basis for a general strike in Lima. ” Both the Prado government and the Communist leadership of the CTP expressed opposition to the proposed general strike. ” In spite of the opposition of the government and the Communist leaders of the CTP, the USTL Strike Committee declared a general strike on September 28, 1944.
Juan P. 199 Early in 1945 there were 156 recognized unions in the country. 200 The Confederación de Trabajadores del Perú absorbed most of the increase in the labor movement. The affiliates of the CTP were of two kinds—(1) the national federations of workers of one trade or profession and (2) the local or provincial organizations. In the middle of 1947, the Confederación claimed 20 industrial federations and 25 regional ones. Most of these federations were organized before 1945, but there were some new ones.