By Van de Velde, Mark L.O.
A Grammar of Eton is the 1st description of the Cameroonian Bantu language Eton. it's also one of many few entire descriptions of a North-western Bantu language. The complicated tonology of Eton is thoroughly analysed and awarded in an easy and constant descriptive framework, which allows the reader to maintain music of Eton's many tonal morphemes. Phonologists might be specifically drawn to the research of stem preliminary prominence, which manifests itself in a few logically self reliant phenomena, together with size of the onset consonant, phonotactic skewing and variety of tonal attachment websites. Typologists and Africanists engaged on morphosyntax will locate important analyses of, between others, gender and contract; demanding, element, temper and negation; and verbal derivation. they're going to come upon many morphosyntactic adjustments among Eton and the higher recognized japanese and Southern Bantu languages, usually because of evolutions formed via maximality constraints on stems. The chapters on clause constitution and complicated structures offer info not often present in resources at the languages of the area, together with descriptions of non-verbal clauses, concentration, quasi-auxiliaries and adverbial clauses.
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Extra info for A Grammar of Eton (Cameroon) (Mouton De Gruyter Library)
2 due to their problematic conditioning. The choice seems to be sometimes free or dialectally conditioned and sometimes lexically conditioned. Compare the verb stem in (33b) to stems like tìl ‘write’, kpál ‘be loquacious’ and Ěòl ‘be bitter’, in which the final |l| is obligatorily represented by /l/. Zero-representation gives rise to compensatory lengthening of the preceding vowel. Representation by /i/ results in glide formation of this phoneme, or in coalescence with the preceding vowel, which is thereby closed by one degree (and sometimes also lengthened and/or followed by a palatal glide).
Representation by /i/ results in glide formation of this phoneme, or in coalescence with the preceding vowel, which is thereby closed by one degree (and sometimes also lengthened and/or followed by a palatal glide). (33) a. |͡gál| ࣰ /͡gál/ ࣰ [͡gál] ‘gun’ ࣰ /͡gáí/ ࣰ [͡gŲڟٝ] ࣰ /͡gá/ ࣰ [͡gáٝ] b. |tùl| ࣰ /tùl/ ࣰ /tùì/ ࣰ [tùl] ‘be sharp’ ࣰ [tȢìٝ] c. |Ųڮ-wálì| ࣰ /Ųڮ-wálì/ ࣰ [Ųڮwálî] ‘birth’ ࣰ /Ųڮ-wáì/ ࣰ [ŲڮwŲڹٝj] 16. This word could also be an argument to say that the morphophoneme |vۅj| is represented by the phoneme sequence /vi/ when not preceded by |Ͱ|ڮ.
All other things being equal, onset consonants of prominent syllables (henceforth prominent consonants) are longer than consonants elsewhere. Table 5 presents measurements of the length of the consonants /b/, /l/ and /n/ in intervocalic position (in seconds, mean value of at least ten tokens). 7 The figures show that prominent consonants are more than twice as long as other consonants in the same conditions. Table 5. 07 l n By way of an experiment, I made a number of nonsense words with two occurrences of either /b/, /d/, /l/, /n/ or /m/, one of which is stem-initial.